Learning How to Walk: Warm-starting Optimal Control Solver with Memory of Motion


In this paper, we propose a framework to build a memory of motion to warm-start an optimal control solver for the locomotion task of the humanoid robot Talos. We use HPP Loco3D, a versatile locomotion planner, to generate offline a set of dynamically consistent whole-body trajectory to be stored as the memory of motion. The learning problem is formulated as a regression problem to predict a single-step motion given the desired contact locations, which is then used as building block for multi-step motions. The predicted trajectory is then used as warm-starts for the fast optimal control solver Crocoddyl. We have shown that the approach manages to reduce the required number of iterations to reach the convergence from ∼9.5 to only ∼3.0 iterations for the single-step motion and from ∼6.2 to ∼4.5 iterations for the multi-step motion, while maintaining the solution’s quality.

2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation